Opna hovudmenyen
Bladnasar
Artibeus sp. Tortuguero National Park crop.jpg
Systematikk
Rike: Dyr Animalia
Rekkje: Ryggstrengdyr Chordata
Underrekkje: Virveldyr Vertebrata
Klasse: Pattedyr Mammalia
Infraklasse: Placentale pattedyr Placentalia
Orden: Flaggermus Chiroptera
Underorden: Småflaggermus Microchiroptera
Familie: Bladnasar Phyllostomidae
Gray, 1825

Bladnasar (Phyllostomidae) er ein familie i småflaggermus (Microchiroptera). Det er 192 artar i familien. Dei er kjend for ein bladliknande nase. Dei fleste artane lever i skogar og et mykje forskjellig. Store artar et frosk, øgle, fugl og andre flaggermus. Mindre artar et insekt, medan dei tre artane vampyrflaggermus (Desmodontinae), som også er i denne familien, drikk blod frå dyr som gris, hest og ku. Familien blir også kalla «New World»-bladnasar fordi dei kjem frå den såkalla «nye verda». Dei lever i Nord-Amerika, det sentrale Amerika og Sør-Amerika. Amerikanske flaggermus som dette er å finne i området frå sørvest i USA til nord i Argentina, og frå vestre Karibia til det sentrale Chile.

Underfamiliar: Brachyphyllinae

ArtarEndra

FAMILIEN PHYLLOSTOMIDAE

  • Underfamilien: Brachyphyllinae - Antillean Fruit-eating Bats
    • Slekta: Brachyphylla
      • Cuban Fruit-eating Bat, Brachyphylla nana
      • Antillean Fruit-eating Bat, Brachyphylla cavernarum
  • Underfamilien: Carolliinae
    • Slekta: Carollia - Short-tailed Leaf-nosed Bats
      • Benkeith's Short-tailed Bat, Carollia benkeithi
      • Silky Short-tailed Bat, Carollia brevicauda
      • Chestnut Short-tailed Bat, Carollia castanea
      • Colombian Short-tailed Bat, Carollia colombiana
      • Manu Short-tailed Bat, Carollia manu
      • Mono's Short-tailed Bat, Carollia monohernandezi
      • Seba's Short-tailed Bat, Carollia perspicillata
      • Sowell's Short-tailed Bat, Carollia sowelli
      • Gray Short-tailed Bat, Carollia subrufa
    • Slekta: Rhinophylla
      • Hairy Little Fruit Bat, Rhinophylla alethina
      • Fischer's Little Fruit Bat, Rhinophylla fischerae
      • Dwarf Little Fruit Bat, Rhinophylla pumilio
  • Underfamilien: Desmodontinae - Vampire Bats
    • Slekta: Desmodus
      • Common Vampire Bat, Desmodus rotundus
    • Slekta: Diaemus
      • White-winged Vampire Bat, Diaemus youngi
    • Slekta: Diphylla
      • Hairy-legged Vampire Bat, Diphylla ecaudata
  • Underfamilien: Glossophaginae
    • Tribe Glossophagini
      • Slekta: Anoura - Geoffroy's Long-nosed Bats
        • Anoura aequatoris
        • Cadena's Tailless Bat, Anoura cadenai
        • Tailed Tailless Bat, Anoura caudifera
        • Handley's Tailless Bat, Anoura cultrata
        • Tube-lipped Nectar Bat, Anoura fistulata
        • Geoffroy's Tailless Bat, Anoura geoffroyi
        • Broad-toothed Tailless Bat, Anoura latidens
        • Luis Manuel's Tailless Bat, Anoura luismanueli
      • Slekta: Choeroniscus
        • Godman's Long-tailed Bat, Choeroniscus godmani
        • Greater Long-tailed Bat, Choeroniscus periosus
        • Minor Long-nosed Long-tongued Bat, Choeroniscus minor
      • Slekta: Choeronycteris
        • Mexican Long-tongued Bat|Mexican Long-tongued Bat (Hog-nosed Bat), Choeronycteris mexicana
      • Slekta: Glossophaga
        • Commissaris's Long-tongued Bat, Glossophaga commissarisi
        • Gray Long-tongued Bat, Glossophaga leachii
        • Miller's Long-tongued Bat, Glossophaga longirostris
        • Western Long-tongued Bat, Glossophaga morenoi
        • Pallas's Long-tongued Bat, Glossophaga soricina
      • Slekta: Hylonycteris
        • Underwood's Long-tongued Bat, Hylonycteris underwoodi
      • Slekta: Leptonycteris - Saussure's Long-nosed Bats
        • Southern Long-nosed Bat, Leptonycteris curasoae
        • Big Long-nosed Bat|Big Long-nosed Bat or Mexican Long-nosed Bat, Leptonycteris nivalis
        • Lesser Long-nosed Bat|Lesser Long-nosed Bat or Mexican Long-nosed Bat, Leptonycteris yerbabuenae
      • Slekta: Lichonycteris
        • Dark Long-tongued Bat, Lichonycteris obscura
      • Slekta: Monophyllus
        • Insular Single Leaf Bat, Monophyllus plethodon
        • Leach's Single Leaf Bat, Monophyllus redmani
      • Slekta: Musonycteris
        • Banana Bat|Banana Bat (Colima Long-nosed Bat), Musonycteris harrisoni
      • Slekta: Scleronycteris
        • Ega Long-tongued Bat, Scleronycteris ega
    • Tribe Lonchophyllini
      • Slekta: Lionycteris
        • Chestnut Long-tongued Bat, Lionycteris spurrelli
      • Slekta: Lonchophylla
        • Bokermann's Nectar Bat, Lonchophylla bokermanni
        • Cadena's Long-tongued Bat, Lonchophylla cadenai
        • Chocoan Long-tongued Bat, Lonchophylla chocoana
        • Lonchophylla concava
        • Dekeyser's Nectar Bat, Lonchophylla dekeyseri
        • Arched Nectar Bat, Lonchophylla fornicata
        • Handley's Nectar Bat, Lonchophylla handleyi
        • Western Nectar Bat, Lonchophylla hesperia
        • Godman's Nectar Bat, Lonchophylla mordax
        • Orcés’s Long-tongued Bat, Lonchophylla orcesi
        • Lonchophylla orienticollina
        • Patton's Long-tongued Bat, Lonchophylla pattoni
        • Orange Nectar Bat, Lonchophylla robusta
        • Thomas's Nectar Bat, Lonchophylla thomasi
      • Slekta: Platalina
        • Long-snouted Bat, Platalina genovensium
      • Slekta: Xeronycteris
        • Vieira's Long-tongued Bat, Xeronycteris vieirai
  • Underfamilien: Phyllonycterinae
    • Slekta: Erophylla - Brown Flower Bats
      • Brown Flower Bat, Erophylla bombifrons
      • Buffy Flower Bat, Erophylla sezekorni
    • Slekta: Phyllonycteris - Jamaican Flower Bats
      • Jamaican Flower Bat, Phyllonycteris aphylla
      • Puerto Rican Flower Bat, Phyllonycteris major
      • Cuban Flower Bat, Phyllonycteris poeyi
  • Underfamilien: Phyllostominae
    • Tribe Micronycterini
      • Slekta: Glyphonycteris
        • Behn's Bat, Glyphonycteris behnii
        • Davies's Big-eared Bat, Glyphonycteris daviesi
        • Tricolored Big-eared Bat, Glyphonycteris sylvestris
      • Slekta: Lampronycteris
        • Yellow-throated Big-eared Bat, Lampronycteris brachyotis
      • Slekta: Macrotus - Big-eared Bats
        • California Leaf-nosed Bat, Macrotus californicus
        • Waterhouse's Leaf-nosed Bat, Macrotus waterhousii
      • Slekta: Micronycteris - Little Big-eared Bats
        • Brosset's Big-eared Bat, Micronycteris brosseti
        • Giovanni's Big-eared Bat, Micronycteris giovanniae
        • Hairy Big-eared Bat, Micronycteris hirsuta
        • Pirlot's Big-eared Bat, Micronycteris homezi
        • Matses' Big-eared Bat, Micronycteris matses
        • Little Big-eared Bat, Micronycteris megalotis
        • Common Big-eared Bat, Micronycteris microtis
        • White-bellied Big-eared Bat, Micronycteris minuta
        • Sanborn's Big-eared Bat, Micronycteris sanborni
        • Schmidts's Big-eared Bat, Micronycteris schmidtorum
      • Slekta: Neonycteris
        • Least Big-eared Bat, Neonycteris pusilla
      • Slekta: Trinycteris
        • Niceforo's Big-eared Bat, Trinycteris nicefori
    • Tribe Vampyrini
      • Slekta: Chrotopterus
        • Big-eared Woolly Bat, Chrotopterus auritus
      • Slekta: Lophostoma
        • Equatorial Round-eared Bat, Lophostoma aequatorialis
        • Pygmy Round-eared Bat, Lophostoma brasiliense
        • Carriker's Round-eared Bat, Lophostoma carrikeri
        • Davis's Round-eared Bat, Lophostoma evotis
        • Schultz's Round-eared Bat, Lophostoma schulzi
        • White-throated Round-eared Bat, Lophostoma silvicolum
        • Yasuni Round-eared Bat, Lophostoma yasuni
      • Slekta: Tonatia - Round-eared Bats
        • Greater Round-eared Bat, Tonatia bidens
        • Stripe-headed Round-eared Bat, Tonatia saurophila
      • Slekta: Trachops
        • Fringe-lipped Bat, Trachops cirrhosus
      • Slekta: Vampyrum
        • Spectral Bat, Vampyrum spectrum
    • Tribe Lonchorhinini
      • Slekta: Lonchorhina - Sword-nosed Bats
        • Tomes's Sword-nosed Bat, Lonchorhina aurita
        • Fernandez's Sword-nosed Bat, Lonchorhina fernandezi
        • Northern Sword-nosed Bat, Lonchorhina inusitata
        • Marinkelle's Sword-nosed Bat, Lonchorhina marinkellei
        • Orinoco Sword-nosed Bat, Lonchorhina orinocensis
      • Slekta: Macrophyllum
        • Long-legged Bat, Macrophyllum macrophyllum
      • Slekta: Mimon - Gray's Spear-nosed Bats
        • Golden Bat, Mimon bennettii
        • Cozumelan Golden Bat, Mimon cozumelae
        • Striped Hairy-nosed Bat, Mimon crenulatum
        • Koepcke's Spear-nosed Bat, Mimon koepckeae
    • Tribe Phyllostomatini
      • Slekta: Phylloderma - Peters's Spear-nosed Bat
        • Pale-faced Bat, Phylloderma stenops
      • Slekta: Phyllostomus - Spear-nosed Bats
        • Pale Spear-nosed Bat, Phyllostomus discolor
        • Lesser Spear-nosed Bat, Phyllostomus elongatus
        • Greater Spear-nosed Bat, Phyllostomus hastatus
        • Guianan Spear-nosed Bat, Phyllostomus latifolius
  • Underfamilien: Stenodermatinae
    • Slekta: Ametrida
      • Little White-shouldered Bat, Ametrida centurio
    • Slekta: Ardops
      • Tree Bat, Ardops nichollsi
    • Slekta: Ariteus
      • Jamaican Fig-eating Bat, Ariteus flavescens
    • Slekta: Artibeus - Neotropical Fruit Bats
      • SubSlekta: Artibeus (subSlekta)|Artibeus
        • Large Fruit-eating Bat, Artibeus amplus
        • Fringed Fruit-eating Bat, Artibeus fimbriatus
        • Fraternal Fruit-eating Bat, Artibeus fraterculus
        • Hairy Fruit-eating Bat, Artibeus hirsutus
        • Honduran Fruit-eating Bat, Artibeus inopinatus
        • Jamaican Fruit Bat, Artibeus jamaicensis
        • Great Fruit-eating Bat, Artibeus lituratus
        • Dark Fruit-eating Bat, Artibeus obscurus
        • Flat-faced Fruit-eating Bat, Artibeus planirostris
      • SubSlekta: Dermanura
        • Andersen's Fruit-eating Bat, Artibeus anderseni
        • Aztec Fruit-eating Bat, Artibeus aztecus
        • Bogota Fruit-eating Bat, Artibeus bogotensis
        • Gervais's Fruit-eating Bat, Artibeus cinereus
        • Silver Fruit-eating Bat, Artibeus glaucus
        • Gnome Fruit-eating Bat, Artibeus gnomus
        • Solitary Fruit-eating Bat, Artibeus incomitatus
        • Pygmy Fruit-eating Bat, Artibeus phaeotis
        • Rosenberg's Fruit-eating Bat, Artibeus rosenbergi
        • Toltec Fruit-eating Bat, Artibeus toltecus
        • Thomas's Fruit-eating Bat, Artibeus watsoni
      • SubSlekta: Koopmania
        • Brown Fruit-eating Bat, Artibeus concolor
    • Slekta: Centurio (bat)|Centurio
      • Wrinkle-faced Bat, Centurio senex
    • Slekta: Chiroderma - Big-eyed Bats or White-lined Bats
      • Brazilian Big-eyed Bat, Chiroderma doriae
      • Guadeloupe Big-eyed Bat, Chiroderma improvisum
      • Salvin's Big-eyed Bat, Chiroderma salvini
      • Little Big-eyed Bat, Chiroderma trinitatum
      • Hairy Big-eyed Bat, Chiroderma villosum
    • Slekta: Honduran white bat|Ectophylla
      • Honduran White Bat, Ectophylla alba
    • Slekta: Enchisthenes
      • Velvety Fruit-eating Bat, Enchisthenes hartii
    • Slekta: Mesophylla
      • MacConnell's Bat, Mesophylla macconnelli
    • Slekta: Phyllops - Falcate-winged Bats
      • Cuban Fig-eating Bat, Phyllops falcatus
    • Slekta: Platyrrhinus
      • Alberico's Broad-nosed Bat, Platyrrhinus albericoi
      • Platyrrhinus aquilus
      • Platyrrhinus angustirostris
      • Eldorado Broad-nosed Bat, Platyrrhinus (Vampyrops) aurarius
      • Short-headed Broad-nosed Bat, Platyrrhinus (Vampyrops) brachycephalus
      • Choco Broad-nosed Bat, Platyrrhinus chocoensis
      • Thomas's Broad-nosed Bat, Platyrrhinus (Vampyrops) dorsalis
      • Platyrrhinus fusciventris
      • Heller's Broad-nosed Bat, Platyrrhinus (Vampyrops) helleri
      • Platyrrhinus incarum
      • Buffy Broad-nosed Bat, Platyrrhinus (Vampyrops) infuscus
      • Ismael's Broad-nosed Bat, Platyrrhinus ismaeli
      • White-lined Broad-nosed Bat, Platyrrhinus (Vampyrops) lineatus
      • Quechua Broad-nosed Bat, Platyrrhinus masu
      • Matapalo Broad-nosed Bat, Platyrrhinus matapalensis
      • Geoffroy's Rayed Bat, Platyrrhinus nigellus
      • Platyrrhinus nitelinea
      • Recife Broad-nosed Bat, Platyrrhinus (Vampyrops) recifinus
      • Shadowy Broad-nosed Bat, Platyrrhinus umbratus
      • Greater Broad-nosed Bat, Platyrrhinus (Vampyrops) vittatus
    • Slekta: Pygoderma
      • Ipanema Bat, Pygoderma bilabiatum
    • Slekta: Sphaeronycteris
      • Visored Bat, Sphaeronycteris toxophyllum
    • Slekta: Stenoderma
      • Red Fruit Bat, Stenoderma rufum
    • Slekta: Sturnira - Yellow-shouldered Bats or American Epauleted Bats
      • Aratathomas's Yellow-shouldered Bat, Sturnira aratathomasi
      • Bidentate Yellow-shouldered Bat, Sturnira bidens
      • Bogota Yellow-shouldered Bat, Sturnira bogotensis
      • Hairy Yellow-shouldered Bat, Sturnira erythromos
      • Chocó Yellow-shouldered Bat, Sturnira koopmanhilli
      • Little Yellow-shouldered Bat, Sturnira lilium
      • Highland Yellow-shouldered Bat, Sturnira ludovici
      • Louis's Yellow-shouldered Bat, Sturnira luisi
      • Greater Yellow-shouldered Bat, Sturnira magna
      • Mistratoan Yellow-shouldered Bat, Sturnira mistratensis
      • Talamancan Yellow-shouldered Bat, Sturnira mordax
      • Lesser Yellow-shouldered Bat, Sturnira nana
      • Tschudi's Yellow-shouldered Bat, Sturnira oporaphilum
      • Sturnira perla Jarrin-V & Kunz, 2011
      • Soriano's Yellow-shouldered Bat, Sturnira sorianoi
      • Thomas's Yellow-shouldered Bat, Sturnira thomasi
      • Tilda's Yellow-shouldered Bat, Sturnira tildae
    • Slekta: Uroderma - Tent-building Bats
      • Tent-making Bat, Uroderma bilobatum
      • Brown Tent-making Bat, Uroderma magnirostrum
    • Slekta: Vampyressa - Yellow-eared Bats
      • Bidentate Yellow-eared Bat, Vampyressa bidens
      • Brock's Yellow-eared Bat, Vampyressa brocki
      • Melissa's Yellow-eared Bat, Vampyressa melissa
      • Striped Yellow-eared Bat, Vampyressa nymphaea
      • Southern Little Yellow-eared Bat, Vampyressa pusilla
      • Northern Little Yellow-eared Bat, Vampyressa thyone
    • Slekta: Vampyrodes
      • Great Stripe-faced Bat, Vampyrodes caraccioli

Merk: engelske tittelar.

KjeldeEndra