Turdus


Stortrast, Turdus fuscater Foto: Tom Friedel
Stortrast, Turdus fuscater
Foto: Tom Friedel
Systematikk
Rike: Animalia
Rekkje: Chordata
Klasse: Aves
Orden: Passeriformes
Familie: Turdidae
Slekt: Turdus
Artar
  • Turdus er ei biologisk slekt av for det meste insektetande eller altetande trastar i familien Turdidae.

    Slekta har ei kosmopolitisk utbreiing, med artar i Amerika, Europa, Asia, Afrika og Australia. Fleire artar har òg kolonisert nokre oseaniske øyar, og to artar har vorte introdusert til New Zealand. Fleire artar er trekkfuglar.

    ArtslistaEndra

    i rekkjefølgje etter EBird/Clements Checklist v2019[1] med norske namn etter Norske navn på verdens fugler:[2]

    Slekt Turdus

    • Duetrast, Turdus viscivorus, Mistle Thrush, Linné, 1758, (LC)
    • Måltrast, Turdus philomelos, Song Thrush, Brehm, CL, 1831, (LC)
    • Bergtrast, Turdus abyssinicus, Abyssinian Thrush, Gmelin, JF, 1789, (LC)
    • Taitatrast, Turdus helleri, Taita Thrush, Mearns, 1913, (CR)
    • Usambaratrast, Turdus roehli, Usambara Thrush, Reichenow, 1905, (NT)
    • Raudvengtrast, Turdus iliacus, Redwing, Linné, 1758, (NT)
    • Plebeiertrast, Turdus plebejus, Mountain Thrush, Cabanis, 1861, (LC)
    • Svarttrast, Turdus merula, Eurasian Blackbird, Linné, 1758, (LC)
    • Bleikbrysttrast, Turdus leucomelas, Pale-breasted Thrush, Vieillot, 1818, (LC)
    • Røyktrast, Turdus fumigatus, Cocoa Thrush, Lichtenstein, MHK, 1823, (LC)
    • Amazontrast, Turdus hauxwelli, Hauxwell's Thrush, Lawrence, 1869, (LC)
    • Gulbeintrast, Turdus flavipes, Yellow-legged Thrush, Vieillot, 1818, (LC)
    • Bleikgumptrast, Turdus obsoletus, Pale-vented Thrush, Lawrence, 1862, (LC)
    • Mestistrast, Turdus assimilis, White-throated Thrush, Cabanis, 1850, (LC)
    • Dryadetrast, Turdus albicollis, White-necked Thrush, Vieillot, 1818, (LC)
    • Rustbuktrast, Turdus rufiventris, Rufous-bellied Thrush, Vieillot, 1818, (LC)
    • Leirtrast, Turdus grayi, Clay-colored Thrush, Bonaparte, 1838, (LC)
    • Arawaktrast, Turdus nudigenis, Spectacled Thrush, Lafresnaye, 1848, (LC)
    • Ecuadortrast, Turdus maculirostris, Ecuadorian Thrush, von Berlepsch & Taczanowski, 1884, (LC)
    • Varzeatrast, Turdus sanchezorum, Varzea Thrush, O'Neill, Lane & Naka, 2011, (LC)
    • Terrakottatrast, Turdus haplochrous, Unicolored Thrush, Todd, 1931, (NT)
    • Somalitrast, Turdus ludoviciae, Somali Thrush, Lort Phillips, 1895, (VU)
    • Mandarintrast, Turdus mandarinus, Chinese Blackbird, Bonaparte, 1850, (LC)
    • Brilletrast, Turdus tephronotus, African Bare-eyed Thrush, Cabanis, 1878, (LC)
    • Raudflanketrast, Turdus libonyana, Kurrichane Thrush, Smith, A, 1836, (LC)
    • Komortrast, Turdus bewsheri, Comoro Thrush, Newton, E, 1877, (LC)
    • Asirtrast, Turdus menachensis, Yemen Thrush, Ogilvie-Grant, 1913, (NT)
    • Auroratrast, Turdus olivaceus, Olive Thrush, Linné, 1766, (LC)
    • Karootrast, Turdus smithi, Karoo Thrush, Bonaparte, 1850, (LC)
    • Tretrast, Turdus lherminieri, Forest Thrush, Lafresnaye, 1844, (VU)
    • Bleikaugetrast, Turdus leucops, Pale-eyed Thrush, Taczanowski, 1877, (LC)
    • Kvitaugetrast, Turdus jamaicensis, White-eyed Thrush, Gmelin, JF, 1789, (LC)
    • Hispaniolatrast, Turdus swalesi, La Selle Thrush, Wetmore, 1927, (EN)
    • Koltrast, Turdus infuscatus, Black Thrush, Lafresnaye, 1844, (LC)
    • Sottrast, Turdus nigrescens, Sooty Thrush, Cabanis, 1861, (LC)
    • Vandretrast, Turdus migratorius, American Robin, Linné, 1766, (LC)
    • Rusttrast, Turdus rufopalliatus, Rufous-backed Robin, Lafresnaye, 1840, (LC)
    • Raudkragetrast, Turdus rufitorques, Rufous-collared Robin, Hartlaub, 1844, (LC)
    • Umbratrast, Turdus falcklandii, Austral Thrush, Quoy & Gaimard, 1824, (LC)
    • Blytrast, Turdus reevei, Plumbeous-backed Thrush, Lawrence, 1869, (LC)
    • Brasilskifertrast, Turdus subalaris, Eastern Slaty Thrush
    • Sumptrast, Turdus lawrencii, Lawrence's Thrush, Coues, 1880, (LC)
    • manglar norsk namn, Turdus murinus, Pantepui Thrush, Salvin, 1885
    • Tristantrast, Turdus eremita, Tristan Thrush, Gould, 1855, (NT)
    • Tygletrast, Turdus amaurochalinus, Creamy-bellied Thrush, Cabanis, 1850, (LC)
    • Svartnebbtrast, Turdus ignobilis, Black-billed Thrush, Sclater, PL, 1858, (LC)
    • manglar norsk namn, Turdus arthuri, Campina Thrush, Chubb, C, 1914, (LC)
    • Marañontrast, Turdus maranonicus, Marañon Thrush, Taczanowski, 1880, (LC)
    • Oransjebuktrast, Turdus fulviventris, Chestnut-bellied Thrush, Sclater, PL, 1858, (LC)
    • Svartkuttetrast, Turdus olivater, Black-hooded Thrush, Lafresnaye, 1848, (LC)
    • Stortrast, Turdus fuscater, Great Thrush, d'Orbigny & Lafresnaye, 1837, (LC)
    • Chiguancotrast, Turdus chiguanco, Chiguanco Thrush, d'Orbigny & Lafresnaye, 1837, (LC)
    • Skifertrast, Turdus nigriceps, Andean Slaty Thrush, Cabanis, 1874, (LC)
    • Bektrast, Turdus serranus, Glossy-black Thrush, Tschudi, 1844, (LC)
    • Principetrast, Turdus xanthorhynchus, Principe Thrush, Salvadori, 1901, (CR)
    • Saotometrast, Turdus olivaceofuscus, Sao Tome Thrush, Hartlaub, 1852, (NT)
    • Kvithaketrast, Turdus aurantius, White-chinned Thrush, Gmelin, JF, 1789, (LC)
    • Raudleggtrast, Turdus plumbeus, Red-legged Thrush, Linné, 1758, (LC)
    • Landsbytrast, Turdus pelios, African Thrush, Bonaparte, 1850, (LC)
    • Taiwantrast, Turdus niveiceps, Taiwan Thrush
    • Gråvengtrast, Turdus boulboul, Gray-winged Blackbird, Latham, 1790, (LC)
    • Sholatrast, Turdus simillimus, Indian Blackbird, Jerdon, 1839, (LC)
    • Hjartetrast, Turdus cardis, Japanese Thrush, Temminck, 1831, (LC)
    • Gråryggtrast, Turdus hortulorum, Gray-backed Thrush, Sclater, PL, 1863, (LC)
    • Himalayatrast, Turdus unicolor, Tickell's Thrush, Tickell, 1833, (LC)
    • Svartbrysttrast, Turdus dissimilis, Black-breasted Thrush, Blyth, 1847, (LC)
    • Mingtrast, Turdus feae, Gray-sided Thrush, Salvadori, 1887, (VU)
    • Gråstrupetrast, Turdus obscurus, Eyebrowed Thrush, Gmelin, JF, 1789, (LC)
    • Brunhovudtrast, Turdus chrysolaus, Brown-headed Thrush, Temminck, 1832, (LC)
    • Izutrast, Turdus celaenops, Izu Thrush, Stejneger, 1887, (VU)
    • Bleiktrast, Turdus pallidus, Pale Thrush, Gmelin, JF, 1789, (LC)
    • Øytrast, Turdus poliocephalus, Island Thrush, Latham, 1801, (LC)
    • Rododendrontrast, Turdus kessleri, White-backed Thrush, Przewalski, 1876, (LC)
    • Tibettrast, Turdus maximus, Tibetan Blackbird, Seebohm, 1881, (LC)
    • Gråtrast, Turdus pilaris, Fieldfare, Linné, 1758, (LC)
    • Kvitkragetrast, Turdus albocinctus, White-collared Blackbird, Royle, 1840, (LC)
    • Kastanjetrast, Turdus rubrocanus, Chestnut Thrush, Gray, JE & Gray, GR, 1847, (LC)
    • Ringtrast, Turdus torquatus, Ring Ouzel, Linné, 1758, (LC)
    • Svartstrupetrast, Turdus atrogularis, Black-throated Thrush, Jarocki, 1819, (LC)
    • Raudstrupetrast, Turdus ruficollis, Red-throated Thrush, Pallas, 1776, (LC)
    • Svartflekktrast, Turdus eunomus, Dusky Thrush, Temminck, 1831, (LC)
    • Raudflekktrast, Turdus naumanni, Naumann's Thrush, Temminck, 1820, (LC)

    KjelderEndra

    ReferansarEndra

    1. Schulenberg T.S.; M. J. Iliff; S. M. Billerman; B. L. Sullivan; C. L. Wood; T. A. Fredericks. (august 2019), eBird/Clements Checklist v2019 (CSV), Cornell Lab of Ornithology, henta 15. februar 2020 
    2. Syvertsen, P. O., Ree, V., Hansen, O. B., Syvertsen, Ø., Bergan, M., Kvam, H., Viker, M. & Axelsen, T. 2008. Virksomheten til Norsk navnekomité for fugl (NNKF) 1990-2008. Norske navn på verdens fugler. med oppdateringar i 2017. Norsk Ornitologisk Forening sin nettstad (publisert 21.12.2017)

    BakgrunnsstoffEndra

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